Conditions we treat

Post-traumatic stress disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex, often chronic and debilitating mental disorder that develops in response to catastrophic life events that entail life threat, serious injury, or threat to physical integrity.

As Foa describes, the event triggers an intense emotional response of fear, horror, or helplessness and involves a combination of symptoms in three clusters:

Reexperiencing the trauma

Intrusive thoughts about the traumatic event, nightmares, flashbacks, psychological and physiological distress upon reminder of the trauma.

Avoidance and numbing

Effort to avoid thinking about the traumatic event, effort to avoid going to situations that are reminders of the traumatic event, psychological amnesia, loss of interest and restricted range of affect, inability to relate to people, feeling alienated from people, and foreshortened sense of future.

Hyperarousal and hyperalert

Constant state of tension, survival “fight or flight”, in which the person keeps scanning the environment for danger cues. The person is likely to suffer from sleep disturbance, problems in concentration, irritability, and overreactivity to stimuli. 
In its most severe form, PTSD can disrupt every aspect of normal functioning, leading to marked impairment in affect regulation, attachment, and personality.